What is Fire-Tube Boiler? – Do you remember what boiler mean? Boiler is a vessel that serves to heat water. In principle, a pan is also a boiler, but it’s not a boiler of this kind that we will discuss. Long ago, mechanical engineers created boilers by simply increasing the size of the ‘pan’. Then gradually they design the boiler with more complex again. One important principle is that larger surface contact between the heat source and the heated water, the more steam produced by the boiler in equal size. Then came the idea of making pipelines in the gigantic ‘pan’, so the pipes flowed the fire – or at least the hot gases – through the amount of water housed by the giant ‘pan’. This is the forerunner of the fire-tube boiler. So the definition of a fire-tube boiler is one type of boiler that flows the heat of the combustion process into one or more pipes, which were inside a sealed container filled with water.
Fire-tube boiler is the simplest type of boiler. This boiler can be applied from low to medium water steam requirements. This is possible because the design is not complicated as the water-tube boiler. The size of the fire-pipe boiler is also relatively smaller, and allows it to be moved very easily. That advantages make this boiler is very popular when developed in conjunction with the steam engine. In the 19th century until the beginning of 20th century, fire-tube boilers were developed massively to meet the transportation needs of the time. Steam locomotive, naval ships, and early models of cars, became the most sophisticated models of fire-tube boiler transportation in that period.
As the name, the fire-tube boiler flows the hot gas to the water-coated tubes. Different pipeline designs from the various fire-tube boilers, are to maximize the heat absorption of the combustion gases. The water level inside the boiler tank, must be maintained to avoid overheating. On the other hand, this boiler is also equipped with a safety relief valve avoid the explosion from over pressure.
Many types of fire-tube boilers are also equipped with advanced steam heating systems to produce superheated steam. Nevertheless, the fire-tube boiler has limited steam production of only 2500 kg/h with a maximum pressure of 10 bars only.